Coconut shells are emerging as a rich resource, which can be used for a variety of products and soilless cultivation. Coconut fiber has long been recognized as the raw material for many products, such as ropes, coconut palm mats, coconut shell nets, biological filters, and even yarns that may enter rough linen. Cocopeat (a mixture of dust and unusable fiber ends) has recently emerged as an option for non-terrestrial plants, mainly due to space constraints that force people to look for alternative materials in urban homes.
Usually, the fiber around the coconut kernel accounts for one-third of the husk. The remaining two thirds are composed of nutrients with a high dust content. Now, many entrepreneurs are looking for opportunities to use cocopeat for various products. It has been widely used in hydroponic (soilless) cultivation.
It is said that one kilogram of cocopeat can absorb seven liters of water and keep it for several months. Cocopeat is now compacted into solid blocks for commercial purposes. After treatment with water, its volume expands to 17 times. When planting saplings, the high porosity of the cocoa peat matrix allows good air circulation and rapid vegetative propagation. In addition, it is also rich in nutrients such as nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, zinc and other agricultural essential substances.
These characteristics have made it a very popular medium for kitchen or rooftop gardening. Because it can retain water for a long time, it is increasingly regarded as an ideal medium for planting bag-style home gardening.
SK Gowthaman, CEO of Bio Garddener, said that the company is located in Coimbatore and mainly produces cacao peat products and can grow 75 coconut trees on a 1-acre farm. Each tree can produce 150 to 180 fruits a year.
After the nuts are peeled, about 100 grams of peel can be produced. India is the second largest coconut planting country after Indonesia among 93 countries in the world, and the opportunity to use cocoa beans is huge.
Home gardening enthusiasts regard cocopeat as a sustainable alternative to soil. Hydroponic plants grown in cocopeat are 50% faster than plants grown in soil. Since peat itself contains enough nutrients, it also eliminates the need for fertilizers, herbicides and pesticides. Because peat can retain water for a long time, it reduces the need for water and the effort to water the plants. Porous, can provide better ventilation to the roots. As cocopeat becomes pots and pans, it can both replace soil and serve as a plant support. These flower pots can even be hung on the balcony or arranged on the vertical garden screen.
PB Sundareshan of Srivari Coirs, a company based in Pollachi, said that they even produce coconut stalks to support creepers and cocoa plates, which can be used as a cover for the soil in the pots. These allow the water to penetrate slowly while also checking for evaporation, thereby reducing water consumption. However, coconut shell discs are now widely used by nurseries for seed germination. The cop foot does not allow grass or weeds to grow. Recently, cocoa peat has also found aesthetic uses, such as wooden boards designed for calendars, clocks and greeting cards.
At the same time, even cocoa fiber is also involved in the new product range. Loosely woven coconut palm mats are now being used to check soil erosion on railway siding and banks of water bodies. They are biodegradable and help fix soil and vegetation, allowing them to grow quickly through pores.
Please enter a valid email address.
Printable version | March 19, 2021, 11:27:34 PM | https://www.thehindu.com/life-and-style/homes-and-gardens/cocopeat-for-your-home-garden /article23393105.ece
©THG Publishing PVT LTD.
Modern agricultural practices are favored among farmers